Pranas, Tejas, and Ojas – these matter most to the yogi

These 3 energies – Prana, Tejas and Ojas are really the secret to the inner alchemy that we call the yoga sadhana. These 3 energies are why our practice has such an immense power to transform us on all levels – body, mind, soul and spirit. Yoga is indeed a science and technology when it is essentially an alchemical process of balancing and transforming these 3 energies and more. The Yin with the Yang, the Shakti with the Shiva….

Pranas, Tejas, Ojas
Though European medieval in origin, this image is an accurate representation of the 3 vital energies in Yoga – pranas, tejas and ojas. It is also representative of Hatha = ha (sun, yang) tha (moon, yin); 6-pointed star is actually 2 triangles and they merge to give a 6-pointed star that represents total union with the Divine, God. Upward-pointing triangle is Mankind seeking God; downward-pointing triangle is when God meets Mankind in the Heart Chakra. This star can also be found in the Shri Yantra.

“You are the ancient born Rishi, the one ruler of the universe through the power of Ojas.”



Understanding how to work these energies in practical ways is key to a deeper yogic and meditational practice and ultimately to being ready for the rising of the kundalini.

Prana, tejas and ojas (PTO) are sometimes called the ‘three vital essences’ that undergird the three Ayurvedic constitutions of ‘vata, pitta and kapha’. The former is the root of the latter. The important thing to know is that the PTO control our psychophysical functioning or mind-body connection. They have immense power to control the well-being of not only our physical but also the subtle and causal bodies as well and hence our spiritual functioning. Therefore, PTO plays a vital role in sustaining life and positive vitality. They not only promote health, creativity and well-being but also provide support for deeper and yogic practices. If properly oriented, the PTO energizes higher spiritual potentials as well and this is where it is most important to us yogis.

Related article: Kalpa Vriksha – A guided meditation by Sadhguru-ji (listen out for the part about aligning all energies).

Related article: True goal of yoga – transcend, transform, and transmute.

Prana, Tejas and Ojas

a) Prana is the primal life-force without which there is no life. Prana sustains us not just because it is air we breathe but also a master force with intelligence that ensures coordination of breath, senses and mind. On a subtle level, prana is the master over the unfoldment and harmonization of all higher states of consciousness. Just like fire needs air, we need prana to ignite our inner agnis and koshas to transform our consciousness in order to link us back to God. Without this preparation, we will not be ready for the force of the kundalini. When it does rise, the kundalini emanates from our soul and course through the subtle bodies, chakras and nadis like a Christmas tree lighting up. This is the way home to the divine within. All true yogis seek to develop this yogic fire in his goal for self-realisation.

b) Tejas is the inner radiance or subtle energy of fire that creates vitality through which we are able to digest air, impressions and thoughts. On an inner level, it allows for unfoldment of higher perceptual capacities.

c) Ojas is the primal vigor responsible for our vital reserve of physical and mental endurance. In a sense it is the internalized essence of digested food, water, air, impressions and thought. It is also responsible for nourishing and grounding the development of higher faculties.

Inter-related, they are responsible for the health of our nervous system

Prana and tejas are rooted in ojas. Tejas is the heat and light energy of ojas and is said to be like ghee, capable of sustaining a flame. Prana is the strength and energy that comes from ojas after it has been kindled into tejas. When seen from the viewpoint of Traditional Chinese Medicine, prana is primordial chi, tejas is willpower (Yang) and ojas is endurance (Yin). Even though the yogi seeks to increase all 3 energies, they need to be in balance without one overpowering another. This is achieved through proper diet, exercise and meditation. Overall there is good health, strong immune system, vigor, enthusiasm and courage.

The nervous system is like a CPU of a computer, ensuring proper functioning of all bodily systems. Ojas plays a prominent role in providing the fluid that lines the nadis thus cushioning the flow of energy, prana, through the nerves. Tejas is the heat generated by the flow of energy. When you feel the heat from Ujjayi Breathwork, this is PTO in play. Similarly with any of the asanas. On any cold and wet day when you feel like you need a good work out but can’t step outside, that’s when yoga comes to the rescue. In no time at all, you can work up a good sweat. PTO do not just impact on a physiological level but also the psychological. The 3 energies play different roles in modulating our emotions, impulses, and responses.

They exist in higher forms that manifest on the soul level

The Vedas often refer to the soul as prana or tejas because of the role that prana plays in incarnation and tejas in our spiritual aspiration. The higher forms of PTO and the soul reside in the spiritual heart. This is the seat of the soul and in self-realisation, that’s where you return to, the home of the Divine.

Related article: Twin Hearts Meditation – unlock the Heart Chakra

Related article: The Spiritual Heart – its role in our spiritual growth

They form the energy of the kundalini and how you can increase them

The kundalini develops from the three energies of PTO. It is primarily the heightened energy of tejas carrying the awakened pranic force and sustained by a higher ojas. While tejas is Shakti, ojas is Shiva. It will descend as nectar aka amrit to feed the fire of kundalini as the latter rises. Some will feel the fire, while others will feel the descending nectar more. As tejas and ojas unite when the kundalini arises, the fire burns away any attachment to the birth-death cycle. This union also creates the higher prana or deep energy in the mind responsible for enlightenment and ultimate discrimination of the buddhi or higher intelligence. Until then, any meditation no matter how high or deep cannot be sustained. You will have glimpses and tastes of the ultimate but it will not stay.

a) Ojas can be increased through diet, herbs, Brahmachari or control of sexual energy and emission of sexual fluid, Pratyahara or control of senses and Bakti Yoga or devotion

b) Tejas can be increased through Tapas or control of speech and other austerities, mantra, concentration exercises, and Jnana Yoga or Yoga of Knowledge such as self-enquiry, “Who am I?” or the 3Qs.

c) Prana can be increased through pranayama, meditations on inner sound and space of the heart, and Raja Yoga or the integration of Bakti and Jnana Yoga.

WIIFM – what’s in it for me

Before you attempt a serious yogic practice, ask if you have the necessary ojas to sustain it? Do you have the tejas to maintain the ojas? Once you have both ojas and tejas, their union will produce the prana to move you swiftly along the path. If not, then use the information in this article to help increase them.

Be mindful also that an disharmony in vata, pitta and kapha have the ability to disturb the balance or even destroy PTO. This can result in mental disturbances, sickness, hormonal problems, premature aging, allergies, metabolic disorders, and so on. It’s always wise to take a balanced approach knowing when to stop, to rest or to carry on. By far, ojas is very important in order to support a balance in the other two energies. So, it’s wise to not overdo any meditation, asanas or pranayama. Listen to your body.


On a personal note: If you are wondering if the energies are for real, certainly! The heat is the first thing you will feel. A mantra such as AUM can bring the heat up the spine. An asana can do the same from tailbone to head. Pranayam, without a doubt. I believe that until I began to feel the heat and have more and more control over it, that’s when things took a quantum leap. Before that, nada. Hope this inspires you to really work at your yoga sadhana. In my humble opinion, these 3 energies really form the basic building block.